Psychologie a její kontexty, Vol.10, No.1
Analýza postojov študentov Fakulty telesnej výchovy a športu Univerzity Komenského v Bratislave k tetovaniu
Attitudes analysis about tattoo of students from Faculty of Physical Education and Sports of Comenius University in Bratislava
Nina Linderová, Tomáš Gregor, Jakub Sciranka
V príspevku sa zameriavame na postoje študentov FTVŠ UK na tetovanie. Na zistenie
postojov sme použili nami zostrojený neštandardizovaný dotazník s otázkami ohľadom
tetovaní. Výskumnú vzorku tvorilo 142 študentov (n=142), priemerný vek bol 20,26 roka.
Zistili sme, že v našom výskumnom súbore je tetovaných 17,6 % respondentov a tetovanie
sa páči až 83,8 % študentom. V budúcnosti by sa chcelo dať tetovať 39,4 % respondentov.
Existuje signifikantne významný negatívny vzťah medzi tetováciou a užívaním alkoholu.
Ďalším existujúcim významným vzťahom je negatívny vzťah medzi páčením tetovaní
a námietkam voči tetovaniam u zdravotníckych pracovníkov.
tetovanie, piercing, študenti, postoje, fajčenie
In the research we focus on opinions of students from FTVŠ UK about tattoos. Tattoos are
defined as kind of needling colorful elements into injured skin. Tattoos are very popular
among young people, however in our society there are various opinions on them. Tattoos
are a form of self-expression,
a reference to some social group, a fashion accessory or
simple a need to differ from others. There are some health risks according to tattoos such as
AIDS, hepatitis C or tetanus but also allergies, cysts or bleeding. Prejudices toward tattoos
are lower when a person has his own tattoo on body. Some researchers found out that people
who wear tattoos are more liable to alcohol and drug usage and their sexual behavior is
more risky compared to people who don’t wear tattoos. Another research focused on relationship
between wearing a tattoo and self-confidence
or wearing a tattoo and personality
characteristics. They found out that women who wear four or more tattoos seemed to be
compared to women who don’t wear any tattoo or who wear three
or less tattoos. Another finding was that people who wear tattoos are more conscientious,
extroverted, sexually unattached and they were in more need of attention and uniqueness
compared to people who don’t wear any tattoo. Another topic is prejudice to tattoos and
tattooed people entirely. Considering another research, it seemed to be common that people
who don’t have tattoo have more prejudices to tattooed people regarding to larger area
tattooed. So, the larger area on body is tattooed the more prejudices from people without
tattoos are coming. Tattooed people seemed to be more tolerant to other people tattoos.
We used a non-standardized
questionnaire made by us to find out the opinions of students.
Research sample consisted of 142 students (n=142), average age was 20,26 years.
Following our findings, we found out that in our research sample there were 17,6% of
respondents who have tattoo and even 83,8% of respondents like tattoos. In future would
like to have a tattoo 39,4% of respondents, 23,2% don’t want any and 37,3% don’t know
yet. Majority of respondents (57%) think that tattoo is considered neutral in our society,
40,2% think that tattoos are acceptable and 2,8% think that tattoos are not acceptable in
our society. Moreover 90,1% of respondents consider tattoos as a form of art. The most
objections to tattoos in various professions had health workers when 18,4% of respondents
present they have a problem with health workers wearing a tattoo. Next profession with
the most objections to tattoos was government workers with 17,6% and teachers, trainers
and workers on official positions (such as bank workers or driver in public transport) least
objections to tattoos (9,2%). Our respondents were very satisfied with their tattoos (75%) or
satisfied with their tattoos (25%). None of our respondents was unsatisfied with his or her
tattoo. The strongest motive to get a tattoo was a personally important event or memory in
60% of respondents with tattoo. In our research sample there were 4,2% smokers, 19,7%
occasional smokers, 4,2% past smokers and 71,8% nonsmokers. We found a significant
negative relationship between having a tattoo and use of alcohol and significant relationship
between having a tattoo and planning to get a tattoo in future. Another finding is that there
is a significant negative relationship between liking tattoos and objections against tattoos
among healthcare workers.
tattoo, piercing, university students, attitudes, smoking